1. Founding of the Communist Party of China
Mao Zedong said that the birth of the Chinese Communist Party was a "great event that opened up the heavens and the earth". General Secretary Xi Jinping also emphasized this judgment. The term "pioneering" is the highest level of adjective that we Chinese love to use. It contains at least two meanings: first, it thus opens up a new world that has never been seen before; second, since it is "opening up a new world", it is not a local or momentary change, but a change with overall, fundamental and long-term significance.
In ancient China, there were no political parties under the monarchy. In modern times, although many Western-style political parties have emerged, there are no political parties that are truly for the people, that rely on the people, and that are guided by scientific theories and closely organized. This was also the case with the Chinese League, which played an important progressive role during the Xinhai Revolution. Only with the birth of the Chinese Communist Party did a political force emerge for the first time in China that was guided by a scientific theory - Marxism - and that could rely on and mobilize the greatest number of people to struggle together and form a political force with the advanced elements of the people as its core. Without the leadership of such a strong political party, it would have been impossible to achieve national rejuvenation and people's happiness.
Therefore, as soon as the CPC was established, it had three new characteristics unlike any other political party in Chinese history.
First, it flagrantly used Marxism, a scientific theory, to observe and analyze the Chinese problem. Without Marxism, there would be no Chinese Communist Party. When Sun Yat-sen led the Xinhai Revolution to overthrow the Qing government, many people thought the revolution was a success, but it turned out that "the revolution has not yet succeeded. In the early days of the New Culture Movement, progressive intellectuals realized the need not only to overthrow the old regime politically, but also to liberate themselves from the bondage of ideology. But ideological and cultural liberation alone could not solve China's problems, so they proposed to "transform society" and establish a new social ideal. Only after the establishment of the Communist Party of China (CPC) did the first unprecedentedly clear statement that the problem China needed to solve now was to oppose imperialism and feudalism. From then on, there was a clear goal for moving forward, and the minimum and maximum programs of the Chinese revolution were also made clear.
Secondly, from the time of its founding, the Party was determined to reach down to the lower strata and do mass work among the toiling masses, who make up the largest part of China's population. This is fundamental to the Communist Party and has not been done by any previous political party in China. Mr. Chen Wangdao told me that at that time, it was not easy to reach out to the workers to carry out propaganda and organizational work. He and Shen Yanbing used to stand on a high place and speak to the workers at the end of the working day in the factory, but not many people paid attention to them. Later, they found out some practices in practice, and went to the factories to hold workers' night schools to improve their thinking and discover the activists, and then started workers' clubs, and later launched workers' movements. Therefore, as soon as the Party was founded, it went to the bottom, to the most basic masses, especially the workers and peasants.
Third, the Party was built into a strong revolutionary party composed of advanced elements with common ideals and strict discipline, so that it could become the core force leading the revolutionary cause. When the Party was first established, its membership was also very complicated. Among the first major delegates, some always adhered to the revolution and became leaders of the Party, like Mao Zedong and Dong Biwu; some died for the revolution; some broke away from the Party in the middle; some became traitors ...... the great wave, and finally built the Party into a real advanced element with common ideals and strict discipline The organization. Without such a core force, nothing can be done.